According to Mayo Clinic, you experience severe pain in your hip after a fall; you may be suffering from a hip fracture. Hip fractures can make it difficult for you to walk and may require surgical intervention.
Understanding the types of fractures and treatment can prepare you for what happens next.
Types of hip fractures
To find out if you have a hip fracture, the doctor will look at your hip and leg structure. He or she can usually tell if you have a fracture by the position but will confirm it with an x-ray. Most hip fractures occur in the upper portion of your femur or further down from the upper femur’s hip joint.
Types of treatment
Hip fractures typically require surgery followed by rehabilitation. The severity of your fracture decides which surgery your doctor will perform. Your options include:
- Partial replacement
- Total replacement
- Internal repair
A partial replacement occurs when there is damage to the end of the bone. Surgeons may remove the neck and head of the femur, then install a metal replacement. For adults who do not live independently or have any cognitive impairments may need a partial replacement.
The surgeon removes the upper femur and socket of your pelvic bone and replaces them with artificial parts in a total replacement.
For an internal repair, the surgeon inserts metal screws into the bone. The screws hold the bone together to allow the fracture to heal.
Once through with surgery, you will have to undergo rehabilitation. Usually, this starts the day after your surgery but will continue in an extended care facility or at your home.